Sewing 101: Terminology, Part One

Sewing terminology can be quite important when you're first starting on your venture into learning how to sew. Many times, instructions and patterns contain words that might not mean anything to you. That's why we've compiled a list of terms to know for beginner sewers! Below, you'll find the start of this list and over the course of the next few blogs, you'll find even more terms that will help you!

Sewing Terminology | Fabric Portland 

  • Zipper Closure - device for clothing and accessories which includes interlocking "teeth" that open and close by coming together/interlocking when engaged by pulling up or down a zipper-pull.
  • Zip - British term for zipper.
  • Zig zag - A stitch that goes one way (zig) and then the other (zag) and provides a nice finish to a seam to prevent raveling. Often can be a decorative addition to any garment.  
  • Yoke - Usually found on Oxford shirts or western wear, this is the small panel of fabric that comes from the shoulders and down several inches, often decorative.
  • Wrong side - The wrong side of a piece of fabric. One that doesn’t have a pattern.
  • Wing needle - needle with wide, wing shaped, flared sides used to create holes in tightly woven fabrics, such as creating entredeux.
  • Whipstitch - A simple running stitch used to hold two pieces of fabric together.
  • Welt - A method of covering the raw edges of a pocket or other opening, can be single or double welt.
  • Weft Threads - running at 90° angles to the length of woven fabrics (or the width). Also known as the cross grain.
  • Warp Threads - running the length of a woven fabric. Also known as the lengthwise grain.
  • Walking foot - A special foot attachment for a sewing machine that allows for sewing through several layers of fabric (i.e., with quilting) without shifting the lower fabric and the upper fabric.
  • Wadding - British term for batting.
  • View – different variations of the pattern on a package.
  • Universal needle - slightly rounded tip to use for woven or knit fabrics.
  • Uneven plaid - almost impossible to match at seams as the arrangement of the plaid is not necessarily even.
  • Understitching - keeps a facing or lining from rolling onto the right side of a garment.
  • Underlining - lining used to add body to a garment.

If you have any questions about these terms or fabric in Portland found in our store, contact us. We are here to help in any way we can during this fun and exciting journey into learning how to sew!

Josephine's Dry Goods | Fabric Portland

Interested in learning more? Contact us! In addition to providing you with the best fabric in Portland and other types of material, we also offer couture clothing services for those that aren’t able to create garments. We understand how busy life can be. That’s why we offer you a way to bring your visions for our fabric to life, without having to take time out of your day to do so! Contact us today to talk with our experts about all your sewing needs!